Thyroid Disorders

The thyroid gland is located below the Adam's apple (thyroid cartilage) on the front portion of the neck. The function of this gland is to produce the thyroid hormone, which helps maintain the body's metabolism.

Thyroid hormones regulate body energy, development and maturation of body tissue, and the body's utilization of other hormones. Excessive or inadequate production of the thyroid hormone can cause thyroid related diseases. Typical problems of the thyroid are much more commonly found in women than in men.


Hypothyroidism refers to a condition of an underactive thyroid that fails to produce the necessary quantity of thyroid hormone. The body's physical processes begin slowing down as a result of this condition. The most common cause of Hypthyroidism is Hashimoto's disease (Hashimoto's thyroiditis).

Common symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • weight gain
  • fatigue
  • brain fog
  • constipation
  • fluid retention
  • body aches
  • joint pain
  • fertility problems
  • low sex drive
  • low blood pressure
  • hair loss/hair thinning
  • dry skin
  • cold extremities
  • brittle nails
  • menstrual irregularities
  • low body temperature
  • anxiety/panic attacks
  • depression


Hyperthyroidism reflects an abnormally high rate of metabolism in the body resulting from an excess supply of thyroid hormone.

Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • weight loss
  • insomnia
  • anxiety
  • palpitations
  • diarrhea
  • high blood pressure
  • vision difficulties
  • eye sensitivity

Our Approach to Thyroid Disorders

A diagnosis is not based solely on TSH but on a combination of the patient's symptoms, hands-on clinical examination, imaging tests, medical and family history, and comprehensive lab work.

At Manhattan Integrative Medicine, we focus on finding the hypothyroidism treatments that work best and safely for you. Treatment options offered include natural desiccated thyroid (Armour Thyroid, Nature-Throid), Cytomel (T3), slow release T3, compounded thyroid medications, and synthetic thyroid medications, including the hypo-allergenic, liquid levothyroxine capsule Tirosint. For patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Manhattan Integrative Medicine can develop innovative programs to help lower antibodies with diet, supplements, and cutting-edge Low Dose Naltrexone (LDN) therapy.

Request your appointment today!

For more information or to make an appointment for initial consultation call (212) 262-2412 or fill out our quick online form. Patients outside of the New York area are welcome.

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